Release 23: The 'Gate 3' Incident (updated)
A Special Report by Victor Martinez
UFO Thread List:
This e-mail was originally streamed on Tuesday, June 4, 2007 @ 9:26 p.m.
What I've done is to reproduce the ORIGINAL stream, include the
subsequent amendments and then add the following NEW subsections at the
END of the original posting:
° VISITOR HOUSING ADDENDUM:
DETAILED BACKGROUND INFORMATION WHICH LED TO THE "GATE 3" SHOOTING!
° BOMBSHELL REVELATION! LEARN THE "SECRET" WHICH LINKS ALL 5 ALIEN
SPECIES TOGETHER and THE NEVER-BEFORE-PUBLISHED OFFICIAL IDENTITY OF THE
° GATE 3 SHOOTING SHOCKER: THE GORY, BLOODY and ABSOLUTELY HORRIFIC
DETAILS OF THE INFAMOUS "GATE 3 INCIDENT" REVEALED HERE FOR THE FIRST
° CATALOGUED ALIEN SPECIES and THEIR CELESTIAL ORIGINS
° ASTRONOMICAL DATA ON THE HOMEWORLDS OF THE ALIEN CIVILIZATIONS
° SHOCKER: CITING CLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS 20+ YEARS OLD, ANONYMOUS
DISCLOSES 2 ALIEN SPECIES ORIGINATING FROM A PARTICULAR CONSTELLATION
AND NOW A BRAND NEW BOOK and MAGAZINE ARTICLE CONFIRM ALIEN LIFE EXISTS
WITHIN THAT CONSTELLATION: THE CYGNUS ARM ... A MUST-READ!
° THE STRUCTURE OF THE MILKY WAY GALAXY: A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF OUR
SPIRAL GALAXY -- TYPE SABbc -- CENTERED IN SAGITTARIUS
° LIGHT-YEARS AS A UNIT OF MEASUREMENT ... WHAT EXACTLY IS IT?
° SUGGESTED REFERENCE SOURCES
For those of you who read the original e-mail of 6-4-07, SCROLL DOWN to:
"VISITOR HOUSING" and read from that point on for all of the brand NEW
MATERIAL. This now constitutes the THIRD version -- and hopefully FINAL!
-- of this subject as we prepare to move on to other disclosure topics.
"The Gate 3 Incident" is a subject that originally came up in December
2005 when I was in regular communication with ANONYMOUS of the "Project
Because someone let the "genie out of the bottle" (Paul McGovern?), I
have now been given permission to release the following still CLASSIFIED
information. The following is the true story of the "Gate 3 Incident" as
told by ANONYMOUS and his DIA colleagues.
As always, my own comments/remarks are offset by the use of [ ]
Date: Thurs, Dec. 15, 2005, 8:39 p.m. (PST+3)
To: Victor**@*****.net (Victor Martinez)
Subject: THE ESCAPED ALIEN and THE GATE 3 INCIDENT
VICTOR: Thank you for your recent inquiry; who told you about this
event? It's still highly classified, and unless you receive instructions
otherwise from me or any member of our group [DIA-6], this is to remain
between you and me only.
This is the true story of the Gate 3 Incident.
DATE: This incident occurred in April 1983.
BACKGROUND: Gate 3 was a designation for an entrance into the
Groom Lake Complex. This gate connected the Groom Lake complex with Area
51. The gates surrounding the Groom Lake complex was [were] the
responsibility of a private security company [Wackenhut Corp]. There was
a mixture of private security and military security for the complex.
EVENT: The incident occurred when a "Visitor," [Extraterrestrial
Entity/ETE] being housed at Area 51, S-2 facility escaped. A massive
search was started by military and private security forces. The Visitor
was on foot and left the underground S-2 facility through an open vault
NARRATIVE: Part of the search team was the Director of Security for the
Groom Lake complex and an agent from the Air Force Office of Special
Investigation [AFOSI], who was the counterintelligence officer for the
complex. Both were traveling in a jeep from the back gate of Groom Lake
to the gate leading into Area 51, called Gate 3.
As the jeep approached Gate 3, the OSI agent noticed the guard was
missing from the required location outside the gate house. As the jeep
stopped, the OSI Agent got out of the jeep to investigate.
CRITICAL MASS: The OSI agent walked up to the gate to check on the
guard. As the OSI agent got closer to the front door of the gate, the
OSI agent noticed the interior of the gate was blood splattered. The OSI
agent noticed only small pieces of human body parts were left of a human
The OSI agent returned to the jeep and contacted the Central Security
Control (main/primary security office for the complex) and reported the
findings. The Director of Security contacted his office by way of a
radio phone, mounted inside the jeep. The OSI agent, armed with only an
automatic pistol, walked around the area searching for a perpetrator.
FLASHPOINT: The OSI agent located the "Visitor," lying down near an
underground water culvert. The OSI agent challenged the Visitor,
ordering the Visitor to give up. The Visitor walked away, followed by
the OSI agent. At some point, the OSI agent fired his weapon at the
Visitor, as a warning. The Visitor, turned and pointed something at the
The OSI agent fired directly at the Visitor, hitting the Visitor
directly in the chest with two (2) rounds from the 45 caliber automatic
pistol. The Visitor fell to the ground. It took about 18 minutes for
additional security forces to arrive. The Visitor was placed inside a
containment chamber and transported back to the S-2 facility. The
Visitor recovered from the wounds.
FOLLOW-UP: The incident was investigated by the FBI and Air Force Office
of Special Investigation [AFOSI].
THE INCIDENT REMAINS CLASSIFIED.
IDENTITY OF THE ALIEN: The name of the creature involved in "The Gate 3
Incident" was an Archquloid.
The alien is described as one of the "Big Nosed Grays." It was a 5' 6"
tall, gray or tan being with large, black, slanted eyes and a
mushroom-like head, with four (4) long fingers. They have yellow eyes
with vertical pupils and very large, beaked noses. They are genetically
engineered by the Ebens [cloned?] and were given to the U.S. Government
for observation/examination/study by the Ebens.
VISITOR HOUSING: This particular Visitor lived in "The Bubble"
officially known as "The Clean Sphere" located between Levels 2 and 3 of
the 8-level S-2 facility at Area 51. If memory serves me right, there
were 12-15 compartments within "The Clean Sphere" or "Bubble" which was
located at the south end of the S-2 facility.
Both the Archquloid and J-ROD lived in two (2) of the 12-15 compartments
marked "Visitor Containment." Victor, it's important to note here that
J-ROD and the Archquloid creature were NOT one and the same and that the
claims made by some that they were are just plain WRONG. The Archquloid
escaped, NOT J-ROD.
What we speculate is that because the Archquloid had to live its primary
existence in "The Clean Sphere" and could only spend a minimal amount of
time in our atmosphere, that an OVERexposure to our atmosphere somehow
affected its sanity and intellect. Furthermore, it caused the creature
to become delusional, disoriented and lose its mental faculties for
sound reasoning, analysis and judgment.
In street parlance, it "lost its mind" or was of unsound mind which
accounts for his escape from the high-security "Clean Sphere" facility
and the resulting homicide of the security guard.
Date: Sat, Jun 9, 2007, 10:46 pm (PDT+3)
Subject: The Gate 3 Incident
VICTOR: I cannot handle your almost daily, incessant and constant
barrage of questions regarding The Gate 3 Incident and the astronomical
data you keep asking me for regarding our Visitors. At the present time,
I am going over reams and reams of documents some of which will be
released to you for public distribution through your large list and the
Serpo Web site over the summer and into the fall.
Because so many of your questions require some research on my part, and
it's distracting me from this other important work, I have directed two
(2) of our members [DIA-6] to communicate with you directly; we all
speak with one voice.
Whether you wish to combine and represent their responses as one (1)
individual or break it up matters little to me; you have the full
confidence of me and my group as to how you wish to proceed.
VISITOR HOUSING ADDENDUM:
DETAILED BACKGROUND INFORMATION WHICH LED TO THE "GATE 3" SHOOTING!
From: A MEMBER OF THE DIA-6
VICTOR: Here is the detailed background information on "The Gate 3
Incident" which led up to the unfortunate series of events in April
1983. This is all explained in a 300-page report issued on "The Gate 3
Incident" which combines the investigative efforts of both the FBI and
The Ebens showed us creatures they created. Yes, they can clone almost
any living tissue into a creature via a method called "rapid-cycle
cloning." JROD was a creature created by the Ebens. He was
intelligent, contained a brilliant mind and was able to adapt quickly to
The second creature -- the Archquloid -- was primitive. The second
creature was a form of a slave. It could be controlled, given orders
and was safe, or at least we thought it was safe. The second creature
was controlled by a "BRAIN CHIP," and was functionally controlled by a
little black box.
The Ebens provided this creature to us for medical experiments. JROD
became frustrated with our efforts to control this creature. The
Archquloid creature was able to fully communicate telepathically with
JROD. At some point, the creature expressed a desire to be
free. JROD released the creature and thus we had "The Gate 3
After the incident, JROD was placed in a secure confinement
[containment] facility. The Archquloid creature -- which survived the
shooting and once medically healed -- was placed inside a more secure
facility and restrained by a system provided to us by the Ebens.
The creature died about one (1) year later from a mixture of the trauma
associated with the shooting incident and his brain activity, which
After this incident, JROD was never fully trusted again. He was under
strict control at all times. His mannerisms changed. His mood
changed because of the increased detention. JROD, although gentle, was
upset over these new measures.
BOMBSHELL REVELATION! LEARN THE "SECRET" WHICH LINKS ALL 5 ALIEN SPECIES
TOGETHER and THE NEVER-BEFORE-PUBLISHED OFFICIAL IDENTITY OF THE WOUNDED
From: A MEMBER OF THE DIA-6
VICTOR: You sure ask a lot of questions of our group.
There are two (2) common links between each alien group and the Ebens.
The first link is that the Ebens discovered each group, civilized them
and then CLONED their species with others. It is an extremely
complicated subject, and is something I don't care to go into at this
time with you. While we don't know all of the specifics, basically the
Ebens used the DNA of each alien group to CREATE OTHER SPECIES OF
The second common link is the DNA. Each alien group has the SAME
EXACT DNA. How that is possible, we don't know. Level 2 at the S-2
facility is where JROD and the other alien [Archquloid] lived. They
have special containment facilities to house each alien.
Victor, one thing that has never been disclosed is the name given to the
second alien, the one shot [the Archquloid]. The USG named that alien:
CBE-1 or CLONED BIOLOGICAL ENTITY-1.
THIS HAS NEVER BEEN OFFICIALLY DISCLOSED TO THE PUBLIC; you have a
The word "Archquloid" was coined by A51 [Area 51] scientists to classify
each different alien race. We knew of five (5), all given to us by the
Ebens. We developed other names for each race especially for the
"Archquloid" who was the creature shot in the Gate 3 Incident.
The Ebens cloned other races of aliens. As one of my other colleagues
recently wrote and told you, it is really an incredibly complex
story. But the Archquloid was a CLONED BIOLOGICAL ENTITY [CBE-1],
created by the Ebens. It would take hundreds of hours and thousands of
pages of written clarifications to explain it all neither of which I am
prepared to do.
The QUADLOIDS were also genetically created by the Ebens. The
Quadloids were cloned from two (2) other species. So, as you can see,
it really gets very complicated hence my reluctance to delve into it too
Regarding your question as to the number of "S-level" facilities at Area
51: I can only tell you that there are nine (9) such levels within the
S-2 facility at Area 51. As to what is done on each level and at each
facility, I don't want to disclose that highly classified information as
it could very well compromise the security of the base; our group was
unanimous on this issue.
In only the most general of terms, there
are nine (9) levels at the S-2 complex. They are:
Level 1: Administration
Level 2: Containment for Visitors
Level 3: Open storage and work sites for Visitor Crafts
Level 4: HAZMAT Containment Rooms
Level 5: Propulsion System Testing and Experimental Station-APS
Level 6: Secondary Containment for Visitor Crafts
Level 7: Vaults- Storage sites for Visitor's gifts [referenced in SERPO
Level 8: Storage site for Visitor's High Energy Devices
Level 9: Not used, at least through 1995
Please note that sometimes S-2 is referred to as an 8-level facility as
the floor that houses our Visitors is often times not counted as a
floor; I have listed them for you exactly as they appear in the base
We're all very well aware that you've developed other high-level
governmental contacts, so if one of your other sources tells you more
details, I would ask you to think twice before publishing it for the
reasons I just gave. A detailed description of each "S" facility might
also bring you some very costly legal problems.
I can't answer your astronomy questions; another member of our group has
extensive astronomical data on many alien species; I'll have him get in
touch with you.
GATE 3 SHOOTING SHOCKER: THE GORY, BLOODY and ABSOLUTELY HORRIFIC
DETAILS OF THE INFAMOUS "GATE 3 INCIDENT" REVEALED HERE FOR THE FIRST
From: A MEMBER OF THE DIA-6
As for "The Gate 3 Incident," everyone has their own opinions. With
respect to the OSI agents directly involved in "The Gate 3 Incident"
shooting, I don't want to put anyone in a dangerous, sticky situation.
Some of this information is still extremely classified.
To this day, many involved in the shooting still have great differences
of opinion as to what should have been done especially with a
containment team enroute and only minutes away. I don't want to be
accused of being a Monday morning quarterback. The agents on scene did
what they thought was right and while they were generally praised,
others differ on that point.
[MATERIAL PURPOSELY DELETED BY MODERATOR: 3 PARAGRAPHS.]
No one has mentioned the poor guard. The examination of the scene
revealed the guard was imploded. The Archquloid had a hidden weapon in
[on?] his body. The weapon, which was recovered and locked up, contained
a form of an energy-directed beam. The beam struck the guard's body
and imploded it.
The largest piece of a body part left was about the size of a
quarter. ONE EYEBALL WAS FOUND INTACT. The Archquloid lived for
about one (1) year after it was shot, but it was in constant pain since
our doctors couldn't adequately and effectively treat all of his
According to the information we developed from the Archquloid, which
appears in the 300-page report, the guard threatened him and he killed
the guard in self-defense. The investigation revealed the guard's
handgun (Colt .45 automatic) was NEVER fired.
The gun was not destroyed, which brings up another interesting
point. If the guard was threatening the Archquloid with a gun, WHY
DIDN'T the Archquloid destroy the weapon? As you can see, there are many
UNanswered questions. In closing, the OSI Special Agent fired six (6)
shots, striking the Archquloid four (4) times. The Agent fired from a
distance of 165 feet, which is really outstanding shooting.
MODERATOR's NOTE: The following section was written by a confidential
source within the Defense Intelligence Agency and is a current sitting
member of "The DIA-6." He appears to have a different take on the cause
of the Visitor's aberrant, dysfunctional, frenzied and near hysterical
behavior. ANONYMOUS resumes his information under CATALOGUED ALIEN
"VISITOR" SUPPLEMENTARY BACKGROUND INFORMATION:
VICTOR: This particular "VisItor" was suffering from a medical
[mental/emotional] condition. Consider the following:
– this creature came to this planet from another solar system;
– traveled about 38 light years [38.42];
– was locked up in a special containment housing complex;
– was shocked by our civilization and our culture;
– was not allowed to leave;
– was under strict compliance controls (metal straps that shocked the
creature when it tried to leave or did not comply with our
– was unable to communicate in our language.
It was probably suffering from PTSS [Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome].
What a shock! This is the same type of shock felt by our 12 Team
Members enroute to Planet SERPO in 1965. The creature recovered from its
gunshot wounds inflicted by the OSI agent. But it later died, about
one year later.
By the way, Bob Lazar DID work at Area 51. He is also aware of this
Ever since the SECOND, more detailed stream I sent on "The Gate 3
Incident," I've received nearly 90 inquiries as to the ORIGIN of the
alien species listed in that second posting; ANONYMOUS responded late
Tuesday evening, 6-12-07.
CATALOGUED ALIEN SPECIES and THEIR CELESTIAL ORIGINS:
Regarding your question as to where some of the aliens come from, here
is the complete list of the alien species the U.S. Government knows of
and has catalogued:
1) Ebens = Planet SERPO in Zeta Reticuli
2) Archquloids = Planet PONTEL near the Cygnus Arm
3) Quadloids = Planet OTTO in Zeta Reticuli (genetically engineered
"praying mantis" and lizard-like creatures created by the Ebens)
4) Heplaloids = Planet DAMCO near the Cygnus Arm
5) Trantaloids = Planet SILUS in Zeta Reticuli
[NOTE: SOME of the above appeared in "Project SERPO" POSTING #19]
NOTES: Both planets DAMCO and PONTEL are in the Milky Way near the
° DAMCO is from a solar system which contains 11 planets and it is the
fourth (4th) planet out; it's size is a little bigger than that of
° PONTEL comes from another solar system entirely with a sun just
about the size of ours. PONTEL is the fifth (5th) planet out and just a
little smaller than ours.
More to come....
ASTRONOMICAL DATA ON THE HOMEWORLDS OF THE ALIEN CIVILIZATIONS:
Click to enlarge
1) CYGNUS ARM within the Milky Way Galaxy. These CYGNUS NEBULOSITIES --
which contain Planets DAMCO and PONTEL -- are all located ~2,000
light-years away. Looking toward the constellation CYGNUS, is a stunning
and complex region of nebulae strewn along the plane of our Milky Way
Galaxy. The bright, hot, supergiant star DENEB and popular celestial
sights such as the North America and PELICAN emission regions, the IC
1318 "BUTTERFLY," and the CRESCENT and VEIL NEBULAE can also be
Silhouetted by the glowing interstellar clouds and crowded star fields,
the dark NORTHERN COAL SACK is also visible, part of a series of
obscuring dust clouds forming the GREAT RIFT in the Milky Way. Along
with the Sun, they lie within the ORION SPIRAL ARM of our galaxy.
2) Constellation: CANCER, Star M44: "A BEEHIVE" OF STARS! The BEEHIVE
CLUSTER lies ~580 light-years away, and contains over 350 stars in a
cluster spread out over only 10 light-years. M44 is a prominent open
cluster of stars. Nicknamed "PRAESEPE" and "The BEEHIVE," it is one of
the few open clusters visible to the unaided eye.
M44 was thought to be a nebula until Galileo used an early telescope to
resolve the cluster's bright blue stars. These stars in M44, which is
thought to have formed about 400-730 million years ago, is larger and
older than most other open clusters. When viewed with a powerful
telescope, hundreds of stars become visible.
3) Constellation: TAURUS, M45: THE PLEIADES STAR CLUSTER is ~380-400
light-years from Earth and contains 3,000+ stars. The nine (9) brightest
stars are: Atlas, Pleione, Alcyone, Maia, Asterope, Taygeta, Calaeno,
Merope and Electra. Perhaps the most famous star cluster on the sky, the
PLEIADES can be seen without binoculars from even the depths of a
Also known as the "SEVEN SISTERS" and M45, the PLEIADES is one of the
brightest and closest open clusters. The PLEIADES contains over 3,000
stars and is only 10-13 light years across. As viewed through a good
telescope, there are blue reflection nebulae that surround the brighter
cluster stars. Low mass, faint, brown dwarfs have also been found in the
4) Constellation: RETICULUM, Zeta Reticuli I and II, are 5th magnitude
yellow double star system, Planets SERPO, OTTO and SILUS are 38.42
light-years away. Planet SERPO's binary suns, Zeta Reticuli I & II;
SERPO is Reticulum IV.
PLANET SERPO OF THE ZETA RETICULI I & II BINARY STAR SYSTEM IS IN THE
CONSTELLATION OF RETICULUM AND HOME OF THE EBEN CIVILIZATION!
– Zeta Reticuli I & II are two (2) 5th magnitude yellow-orange main
sequence dwarf stars of 5.2 and 5.5 magnitude; they are not blue. Zeta
Reticuli lies 38.42 light years or 225,968,400,000,000 miles away.
– Secondly, Zeta Reticuli 1 is approx. 91% of the diameter of our sun,
and Zeta Reticuli 2 is approx. 99% of the diameter of our sun.
– Thirdly, the distance BETWEEN the stars is 367 BILLION miles for
Zeta Reticuli I and II, or approx 100 times the Sun-Pluto distance, as
they orbit a common center.
THE ZETA RETICULI I & II STAR SYSTEM
THE ZETA RETICULI INCIDENT
THE 400 BILLION STARS OF THE MILKY WAY ... OUR GALACTIC NEIGHBORHOOD IS
JUST TEEMING WITH SENTIENT LIFE REGARDLESS OF WHAT THE CONTROL-FREAKS OF
THE USG STATE PUBLICLY ... ABSOLUTELY AMAZING!
SHOCKER: CITING CLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS 20+ YEARS OLD, ANONYMOUS DISCLOSES
2 ALIEN SPECIES ORIGINATING FROM A PARTICULAR CONSTELLATION AND NOW A
BRAND NEW BOOK and MAGAZINE ARTICLE CONFIRM ALIEN LIFE EXISTS WITHIN
THAT CONSTELLATION: THE CYGNUS ARM ... A MUST-READ!
Click to enlarge
THE CYGNUS MYSTERY: UNLOCKING THE ANCIENT SECRET of LIFE's ORIGINS IN
THE COSMOS – By Andrew Collins, ISBN# 1842932020, $24.95, 368 pp.
FLASHPOINT: From the distant past and a far-off star comes a revelation
to change all we know about who we are, where we come from, and where we
go from here.
The CYGNUS ARM CONSTELLATION is the key to UNlocking humanity's ancient
and universal belief that life originated in the heavens -- and will
ultimately return there. Best-selling author Andrew Collins has found
that this long-held conviction emerges from an astronomy that is about
17,000 years old, with standing stones, temples, and monuments across
the globe oriented towards Cygnus' stars.
All around the world, ancient peoples fixed the location of heaven --
the source of cosmic life and death -- in the same segment of sky, the
constellation of CYGNUS the SWAN, but why?
From the oldest temple in the world to the cutting edge of astrophysics,
Andrew Collins sets out to find answers on an extraordinary historical
quest to unravel the earliest beliefs of our most distant ancestors.
The CYGNUS MYSTERY ...
† reveals that our ancestors KNEW what science is now telling us --
that life DID originate among the stars;
† shows that Cygnus is at the root of ALL the world's religions;
† traces the very DNA of life from Shamanic art in Paleolithic caves
to the foundations of the Great Pyramid, from psychedelic journeys in
the Peruvian Amazon to Francis Crick's discovery of the double helix;
† points to the origins of astronomy, literature, ancient cosmologies,
even transoceanic sea voyages -- all at a time of sudden change for
humanity, some 17,000 years ago;
† provides compelling evidence that high-energy subatomic particles in
the walls of ancient caves came from a BINARY STAR known as CYGNUS X-3
-- a source of powerful cosmic rays likely to have reached Earth and
accelerated human evolution during the last Ice Age.
BONUS! The July/August 2007 #64 issue of ATLANTIS RISING Magazine -- on
newsstands NOW! -- carries a 5-page article entitled, "Has a Popular
Science Writer Found the Connection Between Human Evolution & The Cygnus
Constellation?" by Dr Greg Little, pp. 32-33, 63-65.
The reason Cygnus was so important to the ancients is most easily
answered by a previously mentioned fact. The brightest star of the
Cygnus constellation is DENEB, which was the pole star 17,000 years ago.
But there is an even more intriguing aspect to this. Cygnus lies at a
critical juncture in the Milky Way known as "The Great Rift." It is at
this spot that the Milky Way splits into two long sides with a dark,
murky area dividing it.
This precise location of the Milky Way has served as a key component in
many ancient religious systems. The most mysterious and important
religious beliefs held by ancient people concerned the origin and
destiny of souls. The Milky Way and The Great Rift are the specific
geographic locations central to ancient beliefs about the soul.
– p. 32, column #3, paragraphs #2 and #3.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE MILKY WAY GALAXY: A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF OUR SPIRAL
GALAXY -- TYPE SABbc -- CENTERED IN SAGITTARIUS:
The Milky Way is the galaxy which is the home of our Solar System
together with at least 200 billion other stars (more recent estimates
have given numbers around 400 BILLION) and their planets, and thousands
of clusters and nebulae, including at least almost all objects of
Messier's catalog which are not galaxies on their own.
All the objects in the Milky Way Galaxy orbit their common center of
mass, called "The Galactic Center." As a galaxy, the MILKY WAY is
actually a giant, as its mass is probably between 750 billion and ONE
TRILLION solar masses, and its diameter is about 100,000 light years.
Radio astronomical investigations of the distribution of hydrogen clouds
have revealed that the Milky Way is a spiral galaxy of Hubble type Sb or
Therefore, our galaxy has both a pronounced disk component exhibiting a
spiral structure, and a prominent nuclear region which is part of a
notable bulge/halo component. Decade-long observations have brought up
more and more evidence that the Milky Way may also have a bar structure
(so that it would be type SB), so that it may look like M61 or M83, and
is perhaps best classified as SABbc.
Recent investigations have brought up support for the assumption that
the Milky Way may even have a pronounced central bar like barred spiral
galaxies M58, M91, M95, or M109, and thus be of Hubble type SBb or SBc.
MORE ON THE STRUCTURE OF THE MILKY WAY
The MILKY WAY GALAXY belongs to the "Local Group," a smaller group of
three (3) large and over 30 small galaxies, and is the second largest
after the giant ANDROMEDA GALAXY M31,
but perhaps the most massive member of this group. M31, at about 2.9
million light years, is the nearest large galaxy, but a number of faint
galaxies are much closer: Many of the dwarf Local Group members are
satellites or companions of the Milky Way.
The two closest neighbors, both already mentioned, have only recently
been discovered: The nearest of all, discovered in 2003, is an already
almost disrupted dwarf galaxy, the CANIS MAJOR DWARF, the nucleus of
which is about 25,000 light-years away from us and about 45,000
light-years from the Galactic Center.
Second comes SagDEG at about 88,000 light years from us and some 50,000
light years from the Galactic Center. These two dwarfs are currently in
close encounters with our Galaxy and in sections of their orbits
situated well within the volume occupied by our Milky Way. They are
followed in distance by the more conspicuous LARGE and SMALL MAGELLANIC
CLOUD, at 179,000 and 210,000 light years, respectively.
The spiral arms of our Milky Way contain
interstellar matter, diffuse nebulae, and young stars and open star
clusters emerging from this matter. On the other hand, the bulge
component consists of old stars and contains the globular star clusters;
our galaxy has probably about 200 globulars, of which we know about 150.
These globular clusters are strongly concentrated toward the Galactic
Center: From their apparent distribution in the sky, Harlow Shapley has
concluded that this center of the Milky Way lies at a considerable
distance (which he overestimated by factors) in the direction of
Sagittarius and not rather close to us, as had been thought previously.
Our solar system is thus situated within the outer regions of this
galaxy, well within the disk and only about 20 light years "above" the
equatorial symmetry plane (to the direction of the Galactic North Pole),
but about 28,000 light years from The Galactic Center. Therefore, the
Milky Way shows up as luminous band spanning all around the sky along
this symmetry plane, which is also called the "Galactic Equator."
Its center lies in the direction of the constellation Sagittarius, but
very close to the border of both neighbor constellations Scorpius and
Ophiuchus. The distance of 28,000 light years has recently (1997) been
confirmed by the data of ESA's astrometric satellite Hipparcos.
Other investigations published consequently have disputed this value and
propose a smaller value of some 25,000 light years, based on stellar
dynamics; a recent investigation yields roughly 26,000 light years. This
data, if of significance, wouldn't immediately affect values for
distances of particular objects in the Milky Way or beyond.
The solar system is situated within a smaller spiral arm, called the
Local or ORION ARM, which is merely a connection between the inner and
outer next more massive arms, the Sagittarius Arm and the Perseus Arm.
Our Sun, together with the whole Solar System, is orbiting the Galactic
Center on a nearly circular orbit. We are moving at about 250 km/sec,
and need about 220 MILLION YEARS to complete one orbit (so the Solar
System has orbited the Galactic Center ~20 to 21 times since its
formation about 4.6 billion years ago).
In addition to the overall Galactic Rotation, the solar system is moving
between the neighboring stars (peculiar motion) at a velocity of about
20 km/s, to a direction called "Solar Apex," at the approximate position
RA=18:01, Dec=+26 (2000.0); this motion was been discovered by William
Herschel in 1783.
BEAUTIFUL: THE MILKY WAY GALAXY AS VIEWED FROM CAPITOL REEF NATIONAL
PARK NEAR MOAB, UTAH!
LIGHT-YEARS AS A UNIT OF MEASUREMENT ... WHAT EXACTLY IS IT?
WHAT IS THE SPEED OF LIGHT? / WHAT IS A 'LIGHT-YEAR?'
Light travels at 186,170 miles/second.
So in one (1) year, light travels 5,871,057,120,000 miles.
That's 5 trillion, 871 billion, 057 million, 120 thousand miles.
This is arrived at by:
186,170 miles/second x 60 seconds/minute = 11,170,200 miles/minute x 60
minutes/hour = 670,212,000 miles/hour x 24 hours/day = 16,085,088,000
miles/day x 365 days/year = 5,871,057,120,000 miles/year
= THE DISTANCE LIGHT CAN TRAVEL IN ONE (1) YEAR = a light year unit of
Distance to our nearest star, Alpha Centauri: 4.3 LY (light-years)
Milky Way Galaxy = 90,000 LY wide / 3,000 LY thick
No. of stars in our Milky Way: ~400 billion
No. of galaxies in our universe: ~50 billion
No. of stars in our universe: ~5 billion trillion
A light nanosecond: The distance light can travel in a billionth of a
second = ~1 ft or 12" [30 cm].
AT THE CENTER OF THE MILKY WAY GALAXY LIES A "BLACK HOLE" WHICH IS
LIGHT-HOURS WIDE! Click below to view:
SUGGESTED REFERENCE SOURCES to have on hand for future "Project SERPO"
While there are MANY fine astronomy books, the best two (2) for stunning
celestial images printed on 40 lb., enamel-coated paper and brilliant
color plates are:
UNIVERSE: THE DEFINITIVE VISUAL GUIDE – General Editor Sir Martin
Rees, ISBN# 0756613647, $50.00, 512 pp.
THE ILLUSTRATED ATLAS OF THE UNIVERSE – By Mark A Garlick, ISBN#
1740893778, $19.98, 304 pp.
and for mainly text in an encyclopedia-like style with few color plates:
THE UNIVERSAL BOOK OF ASTRONOMY: FROM THE ANDROMEDA GALAXY TO THE ZONE
OF AVOIDANCE – By Dr David Darling, ISBN#0471265691, $40.00, 570 pp.
I have all three (3) and can vouch for them all.
LIFE IMITATING ART? Anyone who knows this classified Gate 3 incident is
true certainly had a paradigm shift of awareness concerning the ET
presence on Earth, vs. the years of government cover-ups and denials.
The sad part is that the ET "Visitor" was in the position of an escapee
-- regardless of its reasons -- instead of an Ambassador from another
planet and was summarily remanded to custody of the USG c/o AFOSI
As a brief aside, the incident of shooting an ET with a gun was briefly
described near the end of the "X-Files" TV episode, "E.B.E.," Season 1,
Episode 16, Air Date: 2/18/94.
It was "Deep Throat" who told Agent Mulder with great sadness that he,
Deep Throat, once shot and killed an ET on purpose. That is why he
helped Mulder so much, to atone for this action.