Updated: 6 July 2012
Updated: 13 April 2011
Updated: 6 March 07
Updated: 1 July 2008
Updated: 24 August 06
Updated: 9 March 06
             

Release 30k
The EVE of DESTRUCTION: TOBA, Sumatra, Indonesia:
MANKIND's EXTINCTION Level Event ... ALMOST!
(1 July 2008)

http://volcano.und.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/southeast_asia/indonesia/toba.html

EXTINCTION FLASHPOINT: Just as the DINOSAURS met their EXTINCTION LEVEL
EVENT ~65.5 MYA, the GREATEST crisis to afflict the human race pushed
Homo sapiens to the edge of EXTINCTION 71,000 YA as the TOBA ERUPTION
spewed 670 cubic miles of volcanic material into the atmosphere making
it the MOST VIOLENT ERUPTION of the last 2 million years. However, as
the climate gradually improved, the human population exploded, growing
exponentially as it once again spread across the world.

 

Toba Eruption
IMAGE #1: Landsat image of The TOBA CALDERA. Image courtesy of the
Landsat Pathfinder Project.
Click to enlarge

 

Toba Eruption
IMAGE #2: Map of the TOBA CALDERA showing faults and updomed areas. /
1986 © M D Knight - MUST CREDIT -
Click to enlarge

 

Toba Eruption
IMAGE #3: SCARS OF THE EARTH: Photograph of The TOBA CRATER Lake which
is 18 X 60 miles with an average depth of 1,485 ft. / 1996 ©
Photographers A.M. & K.D.Hollitzer. - MUST CREDIT -
Click to enlarge

 

Toba Eruption
IMAGE #4: Comparison of volumes produced by some of the greatest
VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS. NOTE the amount of volcanic material spewed into the
atmosphere between TOBA [2,800 cubic km] and that of Mount St Helens of
May 1980 that produced 1 cubic km of ash.
Click to enlarge

 

Toba Eruption
IMAGE #5: TOBA is located near the Sumatra Fracture Zone (SFZ).
VOLCANISM is the result of the subduction of the Indian Ocean plate
under the Eurasian plate. / 1986 © M D Knight - MUST CREDIT -
Click to enlarge

WORLD ORGANIZATION of VOLCANO OBSERVATORIES WEB SITE:

http://www.wovo.org/

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